Education and Ideology in the New State

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Visual Narratives


Primary school textbooks during the New State

Primary school textbooks during the New State

The New State crafted a curriculum of indoctrination, developing materials—such as textbooks and posters—that were clearly defined by the New State’s vision for the nation. The schoolbooks—almost unaltered into the early '70s—were used for many decades throughout Portugal and her then overseas colonies. The textbooks digitized here:

  • O Livro da Primeira Classe 1954
  • O Livro da Segunda Classe 1958
  • O Livro da Terceira Classe 1958
  • SÉRIE ESCOLAR EDUCAÇÃO - LIVRO LEITURA 4ª CLASSE 1951

A Lição de Salazar

A Lição de Salazar

In 1938, the government produced a series of seven posters titled "A Lição de Salazar" ("Salazar's Lesson") and distributed them to primary schools throughout Portugal.


Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisboa, Portugal, 1936-1937

Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisboa, Portugal, 1936-1937

Higher education is documented in official state photographs, for the most part devoid of people. Buildings evoke a modernist, abstract style. Many photographs emphasize an angular modernity in mostly uninhabited views of higher-education institutions and their classrooms. The images are surprising as well for the lack of stress placed on higher education in the Estado Novo.